Questions often arise about the Bible, God, Jesus, and his history. Just as the curiosity arises of Why was it so significant that Jesus was born in Bethlehem?
Every Jew educated in the scriptures knew certain assertions about the Messiah that would one day come to earth. He knew, for example, that he would come through the royal lineage of David and reign from a throne in Jerusalem over the glorious kingdom of Israel. And the prophet Micah established something about the Messiah that faithful Jews knew with certainty:
“But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ruler in Israel, whose coming forth is from of old, from ancient days.“; Micah 5:2.
The Romans usually censed people in their current place of residence, rather than returning them to their homeland or place of origin. But, according to Jewish custom, Mary and Joseph had to return to Bethlehem.
“And Joseph also went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David”; Luke 2:4.
Therefore, according to Luke 2:1 “In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered”; Jesus’ parents were providedly led to be in Bethlehem at the right time to fulfill what was said in Mica 5:2.
Certainly, the journey from Nazareth to Bethlehem was a difficult road of more than 110 km through a mountainous terrain. A particularly exhausting journey for Mary, who was close to giving birth to her son.